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The Role of PPMR in Engaging and Inspiring Learners to Make Better Decisions in Upper Forms Streaming
Lower Secondary Assessment Report or locally known as Pelaporan Pentaksiran Menengah Rendah (PPMR) is a comprehensive report that comprises academic and non-academic development of learners who have undergone three years of lower secondary schooling at the age of fifteen in Malaysia. Before 2014, highlights were mainly on learners’ academic achievements, particularly the high stake Lower Secondary Evaluation exam. PPMR, a holistic reporting that covers learners’ overall development, enables learners, teachers and parents to gain information on learners’ performance extensively by presenting assessment results in performance standards and formats that are user-friendly, meaningful and information-rich. PPMR consists of reports on the Classroom Assessment (PBD), Physical Activities, Sports and Co-curricular Assessment (PAJSK), Psychometrics Assessment (PPsi) and Form Three Assessment (PT3). PBD illustrates learners’ learning development and achievements in all the subjects taught in school. Assessment for, as and of learning is emphasized through formative and summative assessments conducted in the classroom. PAJSK reports learners’ physical fitness and health as well as their participation, involvement and achievement in various sports and co-curricular activities. PPsi is a method used systematically to collect information on learners’ innate and acquired abilities. It is a profiling assessment which emphasises on learners’ learning inclination, attitudes, aptitude and interest, and also enables teachers to help learners in their learning in accordance to their profile and identify the areas of their interest. PT3 is a central assessment focuses on the academics subjects and a shared accountability between the Examination Syndicate and schools whereby it is conducted and administered by teachers in schools using instruments, scoring rubrics, guidelines, time line and procedures prepared by the Examinations Syndicate. It is a check-point that reports on learners’ performance at lower secondary levels. The paper deals at length with the concept of PPMR on how this reports could contribute to better preparation of lower secondary school learners for upper secondary education, and how the information from these assessments is used to promote as well as assist learners in choosing their paths.
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