THE EFFECT OF SCHOOL OWNERSHIP ON CANDIDATES’ PERFORMANCE AT THE WEST AFRICAN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION (WASSCE) IN NIGERIA

THE EFFECT OF SCHOOL OWNERSHIP ON CANDIDATES’ PERFORMANCE AT THE WEST AFRICAN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION (WASSCE) IN NIGERIA

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THE EFFECT OF SCHOOL OWNERSHIP ON CANDIDATES’ PERFORMANCE AT THE WEST AFRICAN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION (WASSCE) IN NIGERIA

There have been contentions that school ownership is one factor that affects learning activities which in turn affect performance of students. There is also a widely held view that students who attend private schools perform better than those who attend public schools in different parts of the world. This study therefore investigated the ownership of schools as a determinant of candidates’, performance with a view to identifying the factors inherent in the two types (public and private) which promote or hinder candidates’, performance in the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE). Adopting the cross-sectional design, two sets of questionnaires tagged ‘,Teachers Questionnaire’, (TQ) and ‘,Students Questionnaire’, (SQ) as well as a School Facilities Inventory (SFI) were used to elicit responses from 1,178 students, 574 teachers and 60 principals. Descriptive statistics was used to analyse the data while Chi-square analysis was done to see if there was a significant difference in the attitude of respondents towards the variables under study. Correlation analysis was also done to see if there was any significant relationship between school ownership and candidates’, performance in WASSCE in Nigeria. In addition, regression was used to depict the paths and the contribution of instructional facilities, years of teaching experience, productive engagement of students and teachers’, motivation to performance. The results showed that although candidates in private schools performed better than those in public schools, school ownership was not the sole determinant of candidates’, performance, a great deal depended on access to instructional facilities. The findings were discussed and it was recommended, among others, that the type of facilities provided in Federal Government Colleges and State Model Schools should be extended to other state public schools in the country in order to improve the performance of students in WASSCE.

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