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eveloping Science Teaching and Learning in the Lower Secondary School Level through the Digital-based Exercise Integrated in Science Textbooks
The Institute for the Promotion of Teaching Science and Technology (IPST) is a government agency who has responsibility to develop science textbook and to provide professional development to science teachers across Thailand. The transforming paper-based exercise that provide at the end of each unit in the textbook to digital-based format will provide many advantages for IPST. First of all, the digital-based exercise will serve as a formative assessment tool to promote student learning. Students can access the exercise through either QR code or web-link printed on the last page of the unit and then start doing exercise. After they finish the exercise, students immediately receive the score and short explanation of each item, which they can reflect their own learning and review the concept at the same time. Second, the digital-based exercise can provide real time data of student learning who using IPST textbook across the country. This data could be useful for IPST staffs who are textbook authors and professional developers to either rethinking or designing the new projects. For instance, to revise the future edition textbook, to develop supplementary materials that support learning and addressing and difficulties and misconception, and to design effective professional development that meet the needs of each group of teachers. Even through the online testing is a good tool to access students’ learning achievement, the system still has some issue that needs to be modified. For instance, according to the result after one year launching of the lower secondary school level exercise, we found that some students visited the test in a very short time and left the system or some data show that students did not answer the entire test. Therefore, the result taken from this group of student cannot reflect much about their understanding of the concepts. According to this issue, IPST may need to modify the system so that being able to collect the result about students’ learning achievement more effectively.
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